Territory: 227 square km
Agricultural land: 6413 ha
Including arable land: 1506 ha
District communities: 12
Population: 1,073,700 (as of 2016)
Yerevan is the capital of the Republic of Armenia. It is the largest city not only among the present - day 48 cities of the Republic of Armenia but also among the capitals of historical Armenia.
Yerevan is one of the oldest cities in the world and has a history of 2799 years (of the same age as Cartagena, Nineveh and Damascus).
Yerevan is about at the same latitude as Washington, Madrid, Beijing.
The city is situated in the north-eastern part of Ararat Valley on the concavity of Yerevan.
Yerevan has dry continental climate. The annual mean temperature is 10-11°C. Summer is long and hot; mainly with dry weather (mean temperature is 24-25°C, the highest temperature is 41-42°C). Winter is temperate cold, mainly with unstable snow cover (the maximum temperature in January is -5, -6°C, the minimum temperature -31°C). Spring is short and the weather is very changeable. Autumn is mild and pleasant, sunny and warm. Annual number of precipitations fluctuates within the limits of 300-350mm.
In the Soviet period modern Yerevan from the provincial city (number of population was less than 30 000 in 1920) turned into a big industrial (nearly half of industrial potential), cultural and scientific center as well as the most important transport junction (the railway connected Black Sea with Persian Gulf and the railroad (Yerevan-Hrazdan-Ijevan-Aghstava) connecting it with Baku-Tbilisi) are intersected in Yerevan; Yerevan- Sevan basin-Sotk railway is of local importance, RA general air gateway with its two international airports “Zvartnots” and “Erebuni”; a number of highways run through.
Yerevan consists of 12 district communities: Ajapnyak, Avan, Arabkir, Davtashen, Erebuni, Kentron, Malatia- Sebastia, Nor Nork, Nork-Marash, Nubarashen, Shengavit, Kanaker-Zeytun, covering the third part of population of the Republic and it exceeds the average republican indicator about 50 times by the density of population (4855 people per square kilometer).
Yerevan is the largest economical center of the republic.
Manufacturing is the main, principal trend of multibranch industry.